# How much Fabric Do I nEEd For a 20×20 pillow

Last Updated on May 4, 2024 by Francis

Fabric calculation is an essential aspect of any sewing or crafting project, and when it comes to making a 20×20 pillow, knowing how much fabric you need is crucial. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced sewer, accurately calculating the fabric requirements ensures you have enough material for a perfect finish. This article will guide you through the process of calculating fabric for a 20×20 pillow, considering factors such as pillow dimensions, seam allowance, and fabric width.

we will explore different types of fabric suitable for pillow-making, including cotton, linen, silk, and velvet. Lastly, we will provide valuable tips for buying fabric, such as considering pattern repeat, checking for colorfastness, and buying extra fabric for any potential mistakes. By following these guidelines, you can confidently choose the right amount and type of fabric for your 20×20 pillow project.

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## Key takeaway:

• Calculating fabric for a 20×20 pillow requires considering the dimensions, seam allowance, fabric width, and fabric length, ensuring you have enough material for the project.
• There are various types of fabric suitable for pillow-making, including cotton, linen, silk, and velvet, each with its own unique qualities and aesthetics.
• When buying fabric for a pillow, it’s important to consider factors such as pattern repeat, colorfastness, and buying extra fabric to account for any mistakes or alterations needed.

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## Calculating Fabric for a 20×20 Pillow

Calculating fabric for a 20×20 pillow is a crucial step in any sewing project. In this section, we will break down the process into four simple steps, ensuring that you have just the right amount of fabric for your pillow. From determining the pillow dimensions to considering the seam allowance and fabric width, we’ll guide you through each step so that you can confidently calculate the fabric length needed. Get ready to create your perfect pillow with ease!

### Step 1: Determine Pillow Dimensions

1. Step 1: Determine Pillow Dimensions
2. Measure the length and width of your pillow. For a 20×20 pillow, the dimensions would be 20 inches by 20 inches.
3. Next, consider the seam allowance, which is the extra fabric needed for sewing the pillow. Typically, a seam allowance of 1/2 inch is used.
4. Choose the fabric width based on the dimensions and seam allowance. Most fabrics come in standard widths of 45 inches or 60 inches.
5. To calculate the fabric length, add the pillow dimensions, seam allowance, and any additional inches for pattern matching or fabric manipulation. For example, if you want to match a pattern, you may need extra fabric. If the total is 24 inches, you would need 24 inches of fabric length.

Keep in mind that these calculations are based on a square pillow. If you have a different shaped pillow, adjust the measurements accordingly.

To ensure accuracy and avoid mistakes, it’s recommended to double-check your calculations and measure twice before cutting the fabric. Additionally, always buy a bit more fabric than you think you’ll need to account for any errors or adjustments.

### Step 2: Consider the Seam Allowance

When calculating the fabric needed for a 20×20 pillow, it is important to consider the seam allowance. Here are the steps to follow:

1. Measure the dimensions of the pillow. In this case, it is 20×20 inches.
2. Consider the seam allowance. The seam allowance is the extra fabric required for sewing the pillow together. A common seam allowance is 1/2 inch on each side.
3. Calculate the fabric width. To determine the fabric width needed, add the pillow width, seam allowance on one side, and seam allowance on the other side. In this case, it would be 20 inches + 1/2 inch + 1/2 inch = 21 inches.
4. Calculate the fabric length. To determine the fabric length needed, add the pillow length, seam allowance on one side, and seam allowance on the other side. In this case, it would be 20 inches + 1/2 inch + 1/2 inch = 21 inches.
5. The fabric needed for a 20×20 pillow with a 1/2 inch seam allowance would be 21 inches in width and 21 inches in length. This accounts for the additional fabric required for sewing the seams.

Considering the seam allowance ensures that you have enough fabric to create a properly sized and well-sewn pillow.

### Step 3: Choose the Fabric Width

When selecting the fabric width for your 20×20 pillow, it is important to follow these steps:

1. Step 1: Measure your pillow dimensions: Before deciding on the fabric width, it is necessary to determine the size of your pillow. In this case, the dimensions are 20×20 inches.
2. Step 2: Consider the seam allowance: Take into consideration the seam allowance when calculating the fabric width. The seam allowance refers to the extra fabric required for sewing the seams. Generally, a 1/2 inch seam allowance is used for pillows.
3. Step 3: Choose the appropriate fabric width: Based on the pillow dimensions and the seam allowance, select a fabric width that can accommodate both. Common fabric widths include 45 inches, 54 inches, and 60 inches.
4. Step 4: Calculate the fabric length: Multiply the fabric width by two (to cover both sides of the pillow) and add the seam allowance to determine the fabric length needed for your 20×20 pillow.

Understanding these steps will assist you in selecting the proper fabric width for your pillow-making project.

The practice of creating pillows has been around for thousands of years. Ancient civilizations like the Egyptians and Greeks used cushions and pillows for various purposes, including rest, support, and decoration. The materials utilized for pillows ranged from simple fabrics like linen and cotton to more luxurious options like silk and velvet. In ancient times, pillows were often filled with natural substances such as feathers, straw, or fragrant herbs. As time passed, the art of pillow-making evolved, resulting in a wide range of fabric choices today. This allows us to create pillows that match our style and comfort preferences.

### Step 4: Calculate Fabric Length

To calculate the fabric length for a 20×20 pillow, follow these steps:

1. Measure the dimensions of the pillow. In this case, it’s 20 inches by 20 inches.
2. Consider the seam allowance. Typically, a seam allowance of 1/2 inch is added to each edge of the fabric.
3. Choose the fabric width. Fabrics usually come in standard widths, such as 45 or 60 inches.
4. Calculate the fabric length. To determine the fabric length needed, add the dimensions of the pillow, the seam allowance on all sides, and any additional fabric needed for pattern repeat or matching.

For example, if the fabric width is 45 inches and you have a seam allowance of 1/2 inch on each side, the fabric length calculation would be as follows:

Length = Pillow Width + (2 * Seam Allowance) + Additional Fabric

Length = 20 inches + (2 * 1/2 inches) + Additional Fabric

Length = 20 inches + 1 inch + Additional Fabric

Step 4: Calculate Fabric Length

Length = 21 inches + Additional Fabric

Remember to consider any additional fabric needed for pattern repeat or matching, and add that to the calculated fabric length. This will ensure you have enough fabric to make a 20×20 pillow.

## Types of Fabric Suitable for Pillow-making

Photo Credits: Healingpicks.Com by Stephen Adams

When it comes to pillow-making, choosing the right fabric is essential for both comfort and aesthetics. In this section, we’ll explore the various types of fabric that are well-suited for pillows. From cozy cotton to luxurious silk and everything in between, we’ll delve into the unique characteristics and benefits of each fabric. So, whether you prefer the softness of linen or the opulence of velvet, let’s discover which type of fabric will bring your pillow-making endeavor to life!

### Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric is a popular choice for making pillows because of its softness, durability, and breathability. Cotton fabric is known for its comfort and is gentle against the skin. Additionally, it is highly absorbent and allows for good airflow, making it suitable for people who tend to sweat at night. Moreover, cotton fabric is easy to care for as it can be machine washed and dried without losing its quality.

When using cotton fabric for a 20×20 pillow, it is important to consider the fabric width. Most cotton fabrics come in standard widths of around 44-45 inches. To calculate the amount of fabric needed, the fabric width should be divided by the pillow width to determine the number of fabric panels required. For a 20×20 pillow, with a fabric width of 44 inches, two fabric panels of 22 inches each will be needed. Considering the seam allowance, an additional 1-2 inches should be added to the fabric length for sewing the pillow cover. So, for a 20×20 pillow, approximately 44-46 inches of cotton fabric will be needed to ensure enough fabric for cutting and sewing.

Cotton fabric is a versatile and practical choice for pillow-making, providing both comfort and durability.

### Linen Fabric

Linen fabric is a popular choice for making pillows due to its natural, breathable, and durable properties.

• Linen fabric is made from the fibers of the flax plant, which gives it a distinct texture and appearance.
• It is known for its strength and long-lasting quality, making it ideal for items that experience frequent use, such as pillows.
• One of the key benefits of linen fabric is its breathability. It allows air to circulate, keeping the pillow cool and preventing the buildup of moisture.
• Linen fabric is also hypoallergenic, making it a great choice for those with allergies or sensitivities.
• Furthermore, linen has moisture-wicking properties, which can help keep the pillow dry and comfortable.
• For those looking for an eco-friendly option, linen fabric is a sustainable choice as flax plants require less water and pesticides compared to other crops.
• Linen fabric is available in various colors and patterns, allowing for creative and versatile pillow designs.
• When it comes to maintenance, linen fabric is relatively easy to care for. It can be machine washed and has the ability to become softer with each wash.

When selecting linen fabric for a pillow, consider factors such as thread count, weight, and weave pattern to ensure you choose the right fabric for your desired pillow characteristics.

### Silk Fabric

Silk fabric, known for its smooth and lustrous texture, is a luxurious and elegant material commonly used in pillow-making.

With its breathability, silk fabric allows air to circulate, keeping the pillow cool and comfortable.

One of the advantages of silk fabric is its hypoallergenic nature, making it suitable for those with allergies or sensitivities.

Due to its natural protein structure, silk fabric has moisture-wicking properties, ensuring the pillow remains dry and comfortable.

Silk fabric is known for its durability and resistance to wrinkles, ensuring that your pillows maintain their shape and appearance over time.

When it comes to caring for silk fabric pillows, it is recommended to dry clean or hand wash them to preserve their quality.

With a wide range of colors and patterns available, silk fabric allows you to choose a design that complements your decor perfectly.

While silk fabric may be more expensive than other materials, its luxurious feel and long-lasting nature make it a worthwhile investment.

Whether you want to add a touch of elegance to your bedroom or create a luxurious seating area, silk fabric pillows are the perfect choice.

### Velvet Fabric

The following are key characteristics of velvet fabric:

• Velvet fabric has a luxurious texture, giving it a soft and plush feel. This makes it a popular choice for adding elegance and sophistication to any project.
• Velvet is a strong and durable fabric, ensuring that it will last for a long time with proper care.
• Velvet comes in a wide range of vibrant colors, offering rich color options for design and decor.
• Velvet fabric has the unique ability to reflect light, giving it a subtle sheen that enhances its visual appeal.
• In colder climates, velvet provides warmth and a cozy feel.
• While often associated with luxury, velvet fabric is now more accessible and affordable, allowing for stunning projects to be created.
• Vacuuming or gentle brushing allows for easy maintenance of velvet, keeping it looking fresh and beautiful.

Whether you’re considering velvet fabric for upholstery, clothing, or home decor, its luxurious texture, durability, and rich color options make it a fantastic choice for adding style and sophistication to any project.

Looking to buy fabric for a new pillow? Let’s dive into some helpful tips to ensure you get it right. We’ll cover important aspects like considering pattern repeat, checking for colorfastness, and the need to buy extra fabric for mistakes. So, before you make that purchase, keep these helpful tips in mind to ensure a successful and satisfying pillow-making experience!

### Consider Pattern Repeat

To consider pattern repeat when buying fabric for a 20×20 pillow, you need to be mindful of the design and how it will be positioned on the pillow. Pattern repeat refers to the distance between where the pattern starts and ends, and it determines how the pattern will be aligned when the fabric is cut and sewn.

When choosing fabric, it’s important to consider the pattern repeat measurement provided by the manufacturer. This measurement will guide you in determining how much fabric you need to buy to ensure the pattern is properly aligned on the front and back of the pillow.

To calculate the fabric needed, you will need to consider both the width and length of the fabric, as well as the pattern repeat. It’s important to multiply the pattern repeat measurement by the number of pattern repeats you want to include in the pillow. Then, you can add this measurement to the dimensions of the pillow and the seam allowance to determine the total fabric needed.

For example, if the pattern repeat is 12 inches and you want to include two pattern repeats on each side of the pillow, it’d be necessary to add 24 inches to each dimension of the pillow before accounting for the seam allowance.

Considering pattern repeat ensures that your fabric choice will result in a visually appealing pillow with a well-positioned pattern. Always take your time to carefully select a fabric that complements your design preferences and aligns with the overall aesthetic you desire for your pillow.

### Check for Colorfastness

When purchasing fabric for your project, it is essential to check for colorfastness to guarantee that the fabric’s color does not bleed or fade when washed or exposed to moisture. Here are the guidelines to follow:

1. Review the care instructions: Always examine the care instructions provided by the fabric manufacturer. They typically indicate whether the fabric is colorfast or if any special precautions are necessary.
2. Conduct a color test: Prior to using the fabric, carry out a colorfastness test by wetting a small, inconspicuous area of the fabric and pressing it onto a white cloth. If any color transfers onto the cloth, the fabric is not colorfast.
3. Verify fading: Expose a small section of the fabric to sunlight for a few days. If the color fades significantly, it is an indication that the fabric may not be colorfast.
4. Pre-wash the fabric: If you are uncertain about the fabric’s colorfastness, it is advisable to pre-wash it before utilizing it in your project. This will help eliminate any excess dye and prevent color bleeding in the future.
5. Consider the fabric’s use: If you are creating an item that will be exposed to moisture or frequent washing, selecting a colorfast fabric is particularly important. Fabrics made from synthetic fibers are generally more colorfast compared to natural fibers.

By following these steps, you can ensure that the fabric you select for your project is colorfast and will retain its vibrant color over time.

### Buy Extra Fabric for Mistakes

When purchasing fabric for a 20×20 pillow, it’s crucial to buy extra fabric for mistakes. Here are the steps to follow:

1. Calculate the total fabric needed based on the dimensions of the pillow.
2. Consider the seam allowance when determining the amount of fabric to buy.
3. Choose the appropriate fabric width that will accommodate the pillow size.
4. Calculate the fabric length needed by multiplying the pillow width by 2 and adding the seam allowance.
5. Once you have calculated the amount of fabric needed for the pillow, it is recommended to buy extra fabric.

Buying extra fabric for mistakes is crucial to ensure that you have enough fabric in case of errors during the sewing process. It’s better to have extra fabric than to run out and not be able to complete the pillow. It is recommended to buy at least 10-15% more fabric than the calculated amount to account for any unforeseen errors or adjustments needed in the sewing process.

## Some Facts About How Much Fabric Do I nEEd For a 20×20 pillow:

• ✅ To make a 20×20 pillow, you’ll need approximately 1 yard of fabric. (Source: https://batikindonesia.com)
• ✅ The total dimensions of a 20×20 pillow with seam allowance are 21 inches by 21 inches. (Source: https://batikindonesia.com)
• ✅ The thickness of a 20×20 pillow is typically around 4-6 inches. (Source: https://batikindonesia.com)
• ✅ If your fabric has a directional pattern, you need to adjust the yardage accordingly to ensure the pattern is facing the right way. (Source: https://batikindonesia.com)
• ✅ It’s always a good idea to add extra fabric for cutting and sewing, and a quarter-yard extra should be enough for most projects. (Source: https://batikindonesia.com)

### How much fabric do I need for a 20×20 pillow?

To determine the amount of fabric you need for a 20×20 pillow, you need to consider the seam allowance, pillow’s thickness, and pattern’s direction. The dimensions of a 20×20 pillow with seam allowance are typically 21×21 inches. For a non-directional pattern and 4-inch thickness, you will need approximately 1 yard of fabric.

### What factors should I consider when calculating fabric yardage for a 20×20 pillow?

When calculating fabric yardage for a 20×20 pillow, consider the seam allowance, pillow’s thickness, pattern’s direction, fabric width, and any shrinkage rate. Add extra fabric for cutting and sewing, usually a quarter-yard should suffice. Adjust the yardage based on the dimensions, thickness, and pattern direction if using different fabrics for the front and back of the pillow.

### Can I use leftover fabric for a 20×20 pillow?

Yes, if you have enough leftover fabric, you can use it for a 20×20 pillow. Just make sure to calculate the yardage needed based on the dimensions, thickness, and pattern direction. It’s always a good idea to have extra fabric for cutting and sewing, so having leftover fabric can be convenient.

### What type of fabric is suitable for a 20×20 pillow?

For decorative pillows, lightweight fabrics like cotton, linen, or silk are suitable. For functional pillows, durable fabrics like canvas or upholstery fabric work better. The type of fabric depends on your preference and the pillow’s purpose.

### Can I obtain multiple pillows from one piece of fabric?

Depending on the width of the fabric used, it is possible to obtain multiple pillows from one piece of fabric. Consider the fabric width and divide the total yardage needed accordingly to fit multiple pillows. For accurate cuts, using a rotary cutter, cutting mat, and following a sewing pattern can be helpful.

### Do I need to account for fabric shrinkage when calculating yardage for a 20×20 pillow?

Yes, it is recommended to account for a fabric shrinkage rate when calculating yardage for a 20×20 pillow. Some estimates include an extra 0.1 yards to accommodate a 10% fabric shrinkage rate. Take this into consideration to ensure you have enough fabric for your project.

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